Girls Lacrosse Rules

1. Rules and Regulations

1.1 The JCC Maccabi Games Lacrosse competition shall be conducted under the following rules and regulations for all age/gender groups except as they may be modified by the Sports Advisory Committee (SAC).

1.2 The competition in Lacrosse shall be conducted in accordance with the US Lacrosse rules in force at the time of competition. The official 2009 US Lacrosse rules can be found at the hyperlink US Lacrosse Rulebook. In the event of a conflict, the JCC Maccabi Games rules shall apply and be binding.

1.3 The Organizing Committee of the Host Community shall establish a Lacrosse Committee, with a Lacrosse commissioner, to oversee and run the competition, and to resolve any controversies that arise. The decisions of the Lacrosse Committee and/or the overall Lacrosse commissioner with respect to protests, disputes, and appeals shall be final. Protests must be submitted in writing within thirty (30) minutes after the completion of a game, and shall relate solely to the interpretation of the rules.

1.4 Prior to the start of the Games all rules questions shall be resolved by the Lacrosse Committee, in consultation with the SAC, in accordance with the US Lacrosse (See Rule 1.2).

1.4.1 A member of the host community must be available at each venue at which lacrosse is played to help manage the lacrosse tournaments in accordance with JCC Maccabi Games guidelines, control issues as they arise, and if needed, to receive protests.

1.5 Rachmanus Rule –Rachmanus plays a key role in athletics and the JCC Maccabi Games. Compassion and good sportsmanship shall be displayed by athletes, coaches and spectators at all times during the JCC Maccabi games both on and off of the playing field.

2. Venue and Equipment Requirements

2.1 The Organizing Committee of the Host Community, acting through its Lacrosse Committee, shall ensure that the following venue and equipment requirements are met:

2.1.1 Field Dimensions. The required dimensions of the 7 v 7 lacrosse field are 70 x 50 yards. Goals are to be 56 yds. apart with 7 yards of space behind the goal to the end line. All fields and goals MUST be the same size within a specific age / gender tournament. In accordance with the official rule change in 2006, women’s and girl’s lacrosse now plays with “hard” boundaries.

2.1.3. Arc and Fan. Each goal area will be lined with the standard 8m arc and 12m fan for the purposes of accessing fouls.

2.1.4 Offside. There will be a restraining line that defines when players are offside. To avoid being offside:

a) a team must not have more than 5 players on or over the restraining line in their offensive end.

b) a team must not have more than 6 players (including the goalie) on or over the restraining line in their defensive end.

2.1.4.1 Players may exchange places during play, but player should have both feet out before teammate can enter. Any part of the foot on or over the line is considered a violation. Players may reach over with their stick to play the ball, as long as no part of the foot is on or over the line.

2.1.5 Fields must be lined with a center line and center circle.

2.1.6 Game Ball. The ball is smooth or slightly textured rubber of solid yellow or bright orange (similar to Pantone #811) color, not less than 20cm (7 3/4”) or more than 20.3cm (8”) in circumference. It must weigh not less than 142gm (5oz.) not more than 149gm (5 1/4oz.). It must have a bounce of not less than 1.1m (43”) nor more than 1.3m (51”) when dropped from 1.8m (72”) onto concrete at a temperature of approximately 18° C. (65° F.) – 23° C. (75° F.) The same type and color ball must be used throughout the game unless both coaches agree to change.

2.1.7 Referees. A set of two (2) uniformed referees shall be assigned to each game. A set of three (3) referees is preferable, but not mandatory. These Referees shall be certified with the appropriate credentials. All referees are suggested to be 21 years of age or older but must be at least 18 years of age.

2.1.7.1 The referees will obtain verbal certification from the head coach that all equipment is legal under these rules, including eye protection that meets the most current ASTM Specification Standard F803 for Women’s Lacrosse at the appropriate level of play, and goalie helmets that meet the NOCSAE Lacrosse Helmet Standard.

3. Participants

3.1 Seven (7) players per team will be on the field at any one time: one (1) goalie and six (6) field players.

3.2 Both teams shall be on the same sideline with all spectators seated on the opposite sideline.

4. Competition Format

4.1 Rules of Play. Girls U16 age division will play according to “Full Checking” (FC) / High School regulation rules. Girls U14 age division will play according to “Modified Checking” (MC) “Level A” rules. If a mixed age division is used that includes both U16 and U14 athletes, it will compete under “FC” rules. See explanations below.

4.1.1 “FC”/High school rules allow for “full checking” and require the use of a regulation crosse and pocket. “Level A” rules allow for “modified checking” where checking is allowed only if the ball handler’s stick is below shoulder level, and the defender uses a downward motion away from the other player’s body. “Level A” rules require the use of a regulation crosse and pocket.

4.2 Timing. Each game shall consist of two (2) thirty (30) minute halves with a five (5) minute rest period between halves.

4.2.1 At the discretion of the Lacrosse Committee, additional time stoppages may be implemented in response to playing conditions. For example, in the common case of high temperatures and/or humidity, the game can be broken into quarters to allow for adequate water breaks and rest.

4.2.2 Pregame Schedule. Teams should report to the field a half hour before the scheduled start. A team shall be allowed a ten (10) minute grace period after the scheduled start time before they forfeit the game. The game will begin as soon as the coach and at least 7 players are present.

4.2.3 Weather. If a game is interrupted because of weather conditions, the game must be resumed at the point of interruption and played to conclusion. If a game is abandoned because of weather conditions in the opinion of the Lacrosse Committee and the first half has been completed, the score at the time of abandonment shall be considered final.

4.2.4 Stop Clock. Play should be continuous, but at the discretion of the umpire time-out is taken for unusual circumstances, e.g., a broken crosse, animal on the field, lost ball, a ball that has gone too far out-of-bounds, spectator interference, or delay of game. Time out must be taken in case of illness, accident, or injury, for the issuance of a card, to check a crosse, and anytime the draw must be retaken. EXCEPTION: When the 10 goal rule is in effect (See Rule 4-3) no time out should be called for a redraw.

4.3 Tied Games and Overtime. Games in the preliminary rounds may end in a tie; playoff and medal games (i.e. any game after the preliminary round) must be played to their conclusion.

4.3.1 If the score is tied at the end of regulation time in playoff or medal rounds, over time will be played to decide the outcome. Both teams will have a 5-minute rest and toss a coin for choice of ends. A total of six minutes (broken into two 3-minute periods) of stop clock overtime will be played. The clock will be stopped after 3 minutes of play in order for teams to change ends with no delay for coaching. The game will be restarted by a center draw. The team that is ahead at the end of the two mandatory three minute periods wins the game. If the teams are still tied after the initial six minute overtime has elapsed, the game will continue in single rounds of 3 minute play. Teams will alternate ends at the conclusion of each 3 minute round until one of the rounds closes with an unequal score. The team with the greater of number of goals will be the winner.

4.4 Substitution. Each team may substitute an unlimited number of players at any time during play (including overtime), after every goal and at halftime. During a substitution because of injury, or if a player is sent from the field for any reason, no other players may substitute or exchange positions on the field. In these situations the umpire will make sure that any substitute assumes the same location as the player she is replacing and that no advantage is gained. Time-out is not taken for substitution during the normal course of play. Re-entry is permitted.

4.4.1 When a yellow card is given – (sub allowed for that player only). Substitutes shall not enter the field until motioned onto the field by the referee, and must enter at the midfield line from the designated substitution area.

4.5 Game Results. Coaches of both teams must sign the game results card and return it to the referee, who shall turn the card into the lacrosse site coordinator or member of the Lacrosse Committee.

4.5.1 Forfeits. A forfeited game will be scored 5-0.

4.5.1.1 A forfeit will follow if a team refuses to play a game or withdraws from the field before the end of a game without a valid reason, as determined by the Lacrosse Committee. In such an event, the team shall be disqualified from the tournament, and all previous and subsequent games shall be forfeited.

4.5.1.2 A forfeit will follow if a team cannot put five (5) players on the field because of suspended or injured players.

4.5.1.3 A forfeit will follow if the coach is ejected from the game and no other member of the coaching staff is present to assume the coaching duties. Spectators are not allowed to step into the coaching duties.

5. Tournament Format

5.1 The format for all team and individual sport competitions shall be created by the Sports Advisory Committee (SAC). Final sports competition formats will be determined after consultation between the applicable SAC Chair and the Host Community.

5.2 Slotting of teams for the preliminary rounds shall be done by a blind draw conducted by a member of the SAC.

5.3 Every effort will be taken to create a tournament that allows each team to participate in a minimum of five (5) games.

5.4 If there are ties in the standings after preliminary rounds, the following procedures shall determine team seeding for the playoffs.

5.4.1 If 2 teams are tied:

  1. Head to head competition (if applicable)
  2. Record against common opponents in preliminary round play (if applicable).
  3. Overall opponents’ total won-loss points in preliminary round play.
  4. Score differential versus common opponents in preliminary play (if applicable). Maximum goal differential of five (5) per game.
  5. Draw names to determine seeding. First name drawn is the higher ranked (better) seed.

5.4.2 If 3 or more teams are tied:

  1. Head to head competition (used only if all 3 teams have played one another and one team is undefeated vs other opponents)
  2. Record against common opponents in preliminary round play (if applicable).
  3. Overall opponents’ total won-loss points in preliminary round play.
  4. Score differential versus common opponents in preliminary play (if applicable). Maximum goal differential allowed per game is five (5) goals.
  5. Draw names to determine seeding. First name drawn is the higher ranked (better) seed. Continue process until all names have been drawn. NOTE: A member of the Lacrosse Committee and/or the overall Lacrosse commissioner or designee will draw names. Delegation heads will be notified of the results.

6. Cards & Player Ejections

6.1 Yellow and red cards will be given out at the discretion of the referees.

6.2 Yellow carded players are out for three minutes and the team plays short. Yellow cards are cumulative throughout the tournament. If a player gets 3 yellow cards, he/she is suspended from their team’s next game.

6.3 Any player who receives a red card shall leave the immediate field area and remain away from the field at a distance to be determined by the referee, and shall be suspended from their team’s next game.

6.3.1 The game will not resume until the person who received the red card has left the immediate field area.

6.3.2 Any player who receives two (2) red cards during the course of the tournament shall be suspended from all remaining games in the tournament, and shall not be entitled to the medal, if any, won by his/her team.

7. Dress and Equipment

7.1 Uniform. Each player shall bring two (2) shirts to each game, one (1) light colored and one (1) dark. The home team shall wear the light colored shirts. The backs of the shirts shall have numbers that are at least six (6) inches high. US Lacrosse rule changes affecting clothing are not mandatory until 2013.

7.1.1 It is strongly recommended that all JCC Maccabi Games Lacrosse uniform shirts have sleeves.

7.1.2 A player taking part in the medal ceremony must wear shoes and his/her competition uniform.

7.1.3 All players must wear the same number throughout the tournament. Blatant disregard for this rule shall result in a forfeit.

7.2 Field Crosse. The field crosse must be made of the following basic materials: composite, metal alloy (handle only), rubber, wood, gut, leather, fiberglass, nylon, plastic, and any other synthetic material. (Recessed metal screws may be used to affix the head to the handle.) The head of the stick shall be triangular in concept and shall be affixed to the handle in such a way that it shall basically be in the same plane as the handle. The pocket of the stick shall be strung with four or five longitudinal leather and/or synthetic thongs, 8-12 stitches of cross-lacing and no more than 2 “shooting/throw” strings. Mesh pockets are not allowed. The crosse shall not have sharp or protruding parts or edges, and shall not be dangerous to players in any way. The crosses overall length shall be no more than .9m (35 1/2”) minimum and 1.1 m (43 1/4”) maximum.

7.2.1 A crosse meets specifications if:

a. It complies with the criteria in this rule and it meets the Manufacturer’s Specifications as approved by US Lacrosse.

b. The top of the ball remains above the top of the wooden or plastic wall after pressure has been applied to and released from a ball dropped into the pocket of a horizontally held crosse.

c. The ball moves freely within all parts of the head of the stick, both laterally and along its full length.

7.3 Goalie. The standards and restrictions on goalie equipment differ fro m that of the field player and are listed below.

7.3.1 Goalie Crosse. The goalkeeper crosse must be made of the following basic materials: composite, metal alloy (handle only), rubber, wood, gut, leather, fiberglass, nylon, plastic, or any other synthetic material. (Recessed metal screws may be used to affix the head to the handle.) The head of the stick shall be triangular in concept and shall be affixed to the handle in such a way that it shall basically be in the same plane as the handle. The pocket of the stick shall be strung with six or seven longitudinal leather and/or synthetic thongs and crosse lacing or be mesh. The crosse shall not have sharp or protruding parts or edges, and shall not be dangerous to players in any way. The crosses overall length shall be no more than .9m (35 1/2”) minimum and 1.22m (48”) maximum.

7.3.1.1 A crosse meets specifications if:

a. It complies with the criteria in this rule and it meets the Manufacturers Specifications as approved by US Lacrosse.

b. The ball moves freely within all parts of the head of the crosse, both laterally and along its full length.

7.3.2 Protective Equipment. Goalie must wear helmet with face mask, separate throat protector, chest protector, abdominal and pelvic protection, goalie gloves, and leg padding on the shins and thighs. The protective helmet, designed for lacrosse, must meet the NOCSAE test standard.

7.3.2.1 It is recommended that the goalkeeper wear padding on arms and shoulders. This padding must not excessively increase the size of these body parts. Body padding must not exceed the thickness of legal goalkeeping gloves–2.54cm (1”) padding. Gloves must not contain any webbing and must not excessively increase the size of the hands as they are presented to the ball.

7.3.2.1.1 Common Scenarios:

a) A goalkeeper wears football shoulder pads. RULING: LEGAL, if they do not exceed the maximum legal thickness of 1”.

b) A goalkeeper wears canvas field hockey leg pads. RULING: LEGAL, if they are pulled tight or taped around the leg. Bamboo/cane field hockey pads are illegal.

c) A goalkeeper wears a throat protector that is attached to her helmet using screws. RULING: LEGAL. This is one type of “separate” throat protector.

7.4 Mouth Protection. Mouth guards are mandatory and must be easily visible by the referee. In accordance with the official 2009 rule change, they can be of any color or combination of colors except white or clear.

7.5 Eye Protection. All field players must wear proper eye protection. Eye protection must meet the most current ASTM Specification Standard F803 women’s lacrosse, must be tested at a PECC approved testing facility, and must be listed on the US Lacrosse web site.

7.6 Footwear. Players must wear composition or rubber soled shoes. No spikes are allowed. Plastic, leather, or rubber cleats-studs may be worn. Shoes and socks are not required to be identical for team members.

7.7 Other Equipment. Close-fitting gloves, nose guards, and soft headgear may be worn by all players. Athletes should not be prohibited from wearing “Full 90 performance headwear” or equivalent if so desired.

7.7.1 Further protective devices necessitated on genuine medical grounds may be used by players, providing that the umpires agree that they do not endanger other players. All protective devices used should be close-fitting, padded where necessary, and not be of excessive weight.

7.7.2 Players may only wear securely taped Medic-alert jewelry with information visible and close-fitting cloth sweatbands. Any other adornment will be considered jewelry and may not be worn. Barrettes are legal as long as they do not endanger other players.

7.7.3 No equipment, including protective devices, may be used unless it complies with the rules or manufacturers’ specification and is deemed not dangerous to other players by the officials.

7.7.3.1 Common Scenarios:

a) A field player asks to wear a hard helmet to protect an injury. RULING: ILLEGAL. A player cannot wear a hard helmet that would be dangerous to other players. She could wear a soft helmet made of foam type material.

b) A field player wears a half of a goalkeepers ice hockey mask to protect her mouth. RULING: LEGAL, if it is padded and does not have sharp edges. Nose guards and all protective equipment must be padded where necessary so as not to be dangerous to other players on the field.

c) A player is wearing a soft cloth bracelet. RULING: ILLEGAL, minor foul. This is considered jewelry.

d) A field player is wearing a hard-brimmed baseball cap. RULING: ILLEGAL. A player may not wear/use any type of equipment that is dangerous to other players. Players may wear soft-brimmed visors or caps.

7.8 Teams are required to bring their own practice balls and equipment.

8. Medals

8.1 The following medals shall be awarded:

First Place – JCC Maccabi Gold Medal
Second Place – JCC Maccabi Silver Medal
Third Place – JCC Maccabi Bronze Medal